A simple remembrance will mark the 20 years since a fire and explosion at the former Shell Plant in Belpre where the thoughts are to respectfully remember the three workers who lost their lives and their families, the company said.
An explosion in the K-1 unit of the plant early in the morning on May 27, 1994, shook Belpre, Parkersburg, Vienna and environs and killed three employees: Mike Harris of Reedsville, Ohio, Gary Reed of Williamstown and George Nutter, 50, of Coolville. It happened on a Friday with the Memorial Day weekend ahead.
"On this Memorial Day, 20 years later, we pause to remember those co-workers and their families." said Kraton CEO Kevin Fogarty "At this time I would like to express our heartfelt gratitude to the hundreds of first responders from area fire departments and other organizations who rushed to our assistance and worked tirelessly during that time period. We would also like to again thank the entire Mid-Ohio Valley for the support they gave us during our time of greatest need."
The fire at Shell on May 27, 1994. The plume of smoke could be seen for many miles from the plant where three employees were killed.
Belpre Mayor Mike Lorentz holds an original sign in support of Shell that was placed around the community following the fire and explosion at the Belpre Plant. Shell rebuilt the K-1 unit at the plant.
Flowers served as a memorial at Shell in Belpre a few days after an explosion killed three employees on May 27, 1994.
Harris, who enjoyed bass fishing, was 36. He left behind a wife, Lori, and two children, Steven and Kaitl, who were 5 and 3 in 1994.
Reed, 41, also enjoyed the outdoors. He also left behind a wife, Julie, and two kids, Alexis, who was 7, and Ashley, who was 10.
Nutter, 50, was an avid woodworker. He and and his wife, Brenda, had two children, Michael, 22, and Heather, 18.
Friday, May 27, 1994
- Around 6:20 a.m.: An explosion occurs in the K-1 unit at the Shell Plant in Belpre. Residents report hearing a loud noise, walls of their homes rattle.
- 6:30 a.m.: The Ohio Highway Patrol contacted, dispatches trooper. Firefighters from Washington and Wood counties begin to respond.
- 7:06 a.m.: Ohio Emergency Management Agency notified.
- 8:30 a.m.: Ohio EMA crisis team activated.
- 10:45 a.m.: Residents in the Porterfield and Blennerhassett Heights, W.Va., areas are ordered to evacuate.
- 12:30 p.m.: Firefighters determine they do not have enough foam to fight the blaze and pull back to allow the fire to burn. Firefighters set up a new staging area.
- 12:41 p.m.: Washington County Sheriff Robert Schlicher Jr. broadens the evacuation order. Residents within one mile of the plant are ordered to evacuate.
- 12:45 p.m.: Ohio Gov. George Voinovich declares state of emergency.
- 2:30 p.m.: A shipment of firefighting foam arrives from Columbus at the Wood County Airport.
- 3 p.m.: Firefighters respond again and successfully extinguish the fire with foam and water.
- 3:15 p.m.: Three employees are unaccounted for, Shell Plant Manager Arnie Ditmar announces.
- 4 p.m.: Evacuation order lifted.
- 8 p.m.: Ditmar identified the missing three employees were Michael Ray Harris, 36, of Reedsville, Gary Reed, 41, of Williamstown, and George Francis Nutter, 50, of Coolville.
- 8:15 p.m.: Washington County Emergency management Agency Director Barbara Himmeger reports about 20 firefighters still putting out hotspots.
The plant, now Kraton Polymers, for the anniversary will fly flags at half-mast and observe a moment of silence at the plant in remembrance of the co-workers who died.
The community 20 years ago immediately backed Shell as signs went up around Belpre offering the community's support for the company.
"Finally, I want to say again how much the support of the community means to us." Fogarty said. "We are fortunate to have such good neighbors."
The explosion and fire were caused by an abnormal chemical reaction in a reactor containing materials used to produce thermoplastic rubber, the company said. Rebar from the K-1 unit reached the plant tank farm and ruptured a styrene tank causing it to burn its contents, the company said.
The fire raged throughout the day. Departments from around the region and plant fire brigades responded to Shell, including: Belpre Volunteer Fire Department, Little Hocking Volunteer Fire Department, Blennerhassett Volunteer Fire Department, Owensville Fire Department, Marietta Fire Department, Lubeck Volunteer Fire Department, Sistersville Volunteer Fire Department, McConnelsville Volunteer Fire Department, St. Marys Volunteer Fire Department, PMBS (now Mineral Wells) Volunteer Fire Department, Madison Township Volunteer Fire Department, Coolville Volunteer Fire Department, Williamstown Volunteer Fire Department, Dunham Township Volunteer Fire Department, Chesterhill Volunteer Fire Department, New Matamoras Volunteer Fire Department, Warren Township Volunteer Fire Department, Devola Volunteer Fire Department, Parkersburg Fire Department, Elizabeth Volunteer Fire Department, Barlow Volunteer Fire Department, Reno Volunteer Fire Department, Oak Grove Volunteer Fire Department, Waverly Volunteer Fire Department, Vienna Volunteer Fire Department, Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Department, Wood County Airport, Cytec Industries, OSI Specialties, GE Plastics, C.O.V.I.E.O. and DuPont.
"For many years our personnel trained along with the community emergency response personnel and area volunteer fire departments to prepare for situations that we had hoped would never happen," said Scott Oran, Kraton Plant manager.
"Unfortunately, an emergency did happen and we are very grateful for the dedication and professionalism of those who responded on that day" Oran said. "We owe special thanks to all of the many area emergency crews. The first priority of the Belpre Plant has always been the safety of our employees and the community. We have a long history of excellence and will continue to be a facility about which everyone in the area can be proud."
Among the corrective actions after the event was the installation of a "poly-safety system." The system, which cost $7 million, is a state of the art, independent, self-monitoring computerized safety system installed in all production lines.
"My pledge to our employees, contractors and the surrounding community is that we have taken the learnings from that fateful day and we are now a safer plant." Oran said. "It is our pledge to continue to dedicate ourselves to safety and excellence. As always, we strive with the community to make our area an even better place in which we all live and work."
The system is designed to prevent any process from reaching an unsafe mixture in the reactors, plant spokesman Mike White said.
White worked at the Belpre plant and was the face of Shell during the press briefings.
"Since 1994, we have spent $6 million additionally in updates," White said. "Maintenance and testing of the systems runs around $250,000 annually. Overall, we have spent over $18,000,000 invested in this safety system since 1994."
The community support was a major reason why Shell decided to rebuild the K-1 unit, White said. Investments in the plant continued after Kraton purchased it from Shell.
K-1 cost about $97 million to rebuild, but there's been ongoing investments to the plant, White said.
"We have spent $27 million on expansion of one of our operating departments, modernization of computerized process control systems in 2007 were around $30 million and a recent addition of a new innovation center was $40 million," White said. "Conversion of one of the departments to polyisoprene rubber was a $30 million expenditure and we are currently constructing natural gas energy systems at the plant in the amount of $50 million."
Moreover, since the 1990s, the Belpre Plant has achieved a reduction in air emissions by more than 80 percent, Oran said. A new natural gas energy system will reduce hazardous air pollutants by 96 percent, greenhouse gases by 15 percent and water use by 1.5 million gallons a day, he said.
Investments in the plant have exceeded $275 million since 1994, White said.
"While the dollar investment to companies like Shell and Kraton are significant, you cannot lose sight of what it means for a company to be a welcome neighbor in the community they reside," said White. "I'm proud to have been a small part of two great companies where it is important to not only do the right thing, but where it is as important to be a welcome, contributing member of the community."